Chinese incense culture is unique in form, with a rich history, serving as a symbol of Chinese civilization. It is closely intertwined with tea culture and flower arranging culture, collectively forming the three major cultural phenomena in China. Incense culture reached its zenith during the Sui and Tang dynasties, flourishing through the Song, Ming, and Qing dynasties.
In ancient texts, there is often mention of the "sandalwood, agarwood, ambergris, and musk," which have been regarded as the most precious four types of fragrances since ancient times. Some sources list them as "sandalwood, agarwood, liquidambar, and musk."